Ethereum developers will solve one of the many problems with the integration of sharding technology by increasing the block size from the equivalent of 1 MB in 10 minutes to 8 MB. This was announced by the coordinator of Ethereum 2.0 Danny Ryan.
“We are making blocks larger based on recent research on safe block size and transit time to keep data availability on the system above 1MB / s, allowing for comparable scalability benefits when running things like ZKrollup and OVM.” – he wrote.
ZKrollup is a hybrid scaling method that combines blockchain security with second-tier networks through smart contracts and zero knowledge methods. OVM stands for Optimistic Virtual Machine, developed by the Plasma Group startup to support all Layer 2 protocols.
Earlier, Ethereum founder Vitalik Buterin announced that Ethereum 2.0 would launch with 64 shards, not 1,024 as originally intended. It is expected that this approach will significantly simplify the integration of sharding technology, with which developers still have to work only in test conditions, but over time the number of shards will grow.
Previous (top) and current (bottom) shard connection schemes; in the current scheme, all shards are interconnected. Image: eth2 quick update no. 2
“To achieve comparable scalability as in the previous proposal, the target shard block size will be increased by 8x, from 16KB to 128KB. This approach will ensure that data is available on the system above 1 MB / s, which works well with the promising second-tier schemes. The security of these larger blocks is justified by new experimental research that has been conducted on the existing Ethereum network, ”added Ryan..